Asia is the largest of the
and represents almost 1/3 of the earth's land mass.
The continent has nearly 50 countries and can be divided into several regions, including
Indochina, Southern Asia, Central Asia, and Southeast Asia, and the Middle east.
A bridge is planned that will link Asia to Africa.
ARMENIA - Capital Yerevan. Special attractions include Museums, Memorials, Monastaries, and churches. Yerevan is one of the oldest continuously inhabited settlements in the world. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
AZERBAIJAN - Capital
Baku. Special attractions include Mausoleums, Mosques, Churches, Palaces, Domes, and Temples, The
National Museum of history has more than 2000 exhibits. The country has
UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The country has several
ARCHAEOLOGY in Asia includes many projects. There are archaeological sites in many countries including
Japan. Excavations in
Nepal have uncovered artifacts dating to the
Iron Age. Artifacts dating to the
Stone Age have been found in
Saudi Arabia . Malayasian has a
Maritime Archaeological Museum.
ARCHAEOLOGY in Asia includes many projects. There are archaeological sites in many countries including India, Pakistan, Inner Mongolia, Vietnam, Afganistan/Turmenistan, and Japan. Excavations in Nepal have uncovered artifacts dating to the Iron Age. Artifacts dating to the Stone Age have been found in Saudi Arabia . Malayasian has a Maritime Archaeological Museum.
BANGLADESH - Capital Dhaka. Special attractions include Forts, Museums Mosques, Buddhist Sites, Archaeological sites, National Parks, and the longest unbroken beach in the world - Cox's Bazar. Bangladesh has UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
BHUTAN - Capital Thimphu. Special attractions include Temples, Museums, Palaces. The protected areas of Bhutan are its national parks, nature preserves, and wildlife sanctuaries The capital is the only capital without traffic lights. The country has 3 regions.
BRUNEI -Capital Bandar Seri Begawan. Special attractions include unusual animals, Mosques, Museums, an Amusement Park, and a Palace. Kampong Ayer is the largest water village in the world. The country has 4 regions.
There are over 3,00 species of BIRDS in Asia. Some countries have a National Bird. The Bali Bird Park has hundreds of rare and famous birds. The Kota Kinabalu Wetland Centre is a refuge for local and migratory birds of Northern Asia. The Jurong Bird Park in Singapore is world famous. Many birds in Asia face extinction.
Asia has thousands of bridges including Railway Bridges and Bridge Tunnels, and many of the longest bridges in the world. Many countries have Footbridges. The Covered Bridge originated in China and the country has hundreds of them. Hoi An Covered Bridge is a famous bridge in Vietnam. Zhejiang, China has several hundred ancient wooden bridges. The first suspension bridges date back to 206 B.C. The Akashi Kaiky Bridge in Japan is the longest suspension bridge in the world. The Kunshan Grand Bridge in China is the longest bridge in the world. The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge in China is the longest bridge over water in the world. The Banpo Bridge in South Korea features a Moonlight Rainbow Fountain, the world’s longest bridge fountain. Dragon Bridge in Vietnam has a fire-breathing dragon that is lit at night by LED lights. There are Living Root Bridges in India.
CHINA - Capital Beijing. Special attractions include Hong Kong and Victoria Peak, an Army of Terracotta Warriors, Cathedrals, Temples, & the tallest Buddha statue in the world. The country is credited with many inventions. The city of Shanghai is one of the largest metropolises in the world. The Great Wall of China is one of the Forgotten Wonders of the World and one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. China has UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Biosphere Reserves.
CYPRUS - Capital Nicosia. Special attractions include Museums, Cathedrals, Mosques, a Palace, a Castle, Tombs of the Kings, and Othello's Tower. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The country has several regions
Asia has many
The castle at
Kamianets in the western Ukraine has been occupied for at least a millenium. Cahn Kanichi Castle in China is a historical landmark of
Samurai Warriors. The
Historical castles in the Iranian islands of Queshm and Hormuz are to be rebuilt. The
Kamianets-Podilisky Castleis a former Ruthenian-Lithuanian castle and later three-part Polish fortress.
CAVES are located throughout Asia.
Iran is the country with the most caves.
Batu Caves is a limestone hill in Malaysia which has a series of caves and cave temples. The
Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park in Vietnam is home to the largest cave in the world,
Son Doong,, and 300 different grottoes and caves. The country also has southeast asias
longest lava caves and some are open for tours. There are
Sacred Caves in South East Asia. A vast plateau on the edge of the Sahara,
Tassili n'Ajjer in Saudi Aribia contains more than 15,000 cave engravings.
CAVES are located throughout Asia. Iran is the country with the most caves. Batu Caves is a limestone hill in Malaysia which has a series of caves and cave temples. The Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park in Vietnam is home to the largest cave in the world, Son Doong,, and 300 different grottoes and caves. The country also has southeast asias longest lava caves and some are open for tours. There are Sacred Caves in South East Asia. A vast plateau on the edge of the Sahara, Tassili n'Ajjer in Saudi Aribia contains more than 15,000 cave engravings.
Asia has more DESERTS than any other continent. One of the largest deserts in the world is Kara-Kum which has two deserts. The Arabian Desert is the largest in Asia. The deserts are home to many different animals
More DINOSAURS have been discovered in Asia than any other continent. Over the past few decades, more dinosaurs have been discovered in central and eastern Asia than on any other continent on earth. In 2015, Paleontologists discovered a 50-foot "dragon" dinosaur species in China that may have roamed the earth 160 million years ago during the Late Jurassic period. In 2015, Construction workers unearthed 43 fossilized dinosaur eggs during road repair work in Heyuan city in China. In 2015, researchers revealed the discovery of Zhenyuanlong suni, a close relative of its cousin -- the velociraptor. Asia has many Dinosaur Museums. The Singapore Science Centre has one of the largest dinosaur exhibitions in the world. The Lufeng Dinosaur Museum in China has 4 complete dinosaur skeletons. Raivoli, Gujarat, India is considered one of the 3 largest dinosaur sites in the world. There is a Dinosaur Park in Thailand.
Asia has a wide variety of FLOWERS. Most countries in Asia have a Floral Emblem. Many flowers are native to Asia. Asian gardens were often built for the royal families and are now open to the public. Several species of orchids are grown including the hardy orchid known for its fragrant flowers. The Titan Arum, the largest flower in the world, is native solely to western Sumatra. The lotus flower is a sacred symbol in some religions. Cherry blossoms have significance in China, Japan, and Korea. In Japan, the chrysanthemum is a symbol of the Emperor and the Imperial family.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Asia is approximately 50 degrees north to 20 degrees south latitude, and goes into the Arctic Circle and below the equator. The longitude is approximately 30 degrees east to 180 degrees east. The continent has many natural environments. The highest point in Asia is Mt. Everest which is also the highest point on earth and one of the Natural Wonders of the world. The lowest point in Asia is the Dead Seawhich is also the lowest point on earth.
Each country has its own form of GOVERNMENT. Asia has many International Organizations. The main center of United Nations activity in Asia and the Pacific is Bangkok, Thailand, home to the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. There are also many regional and country offices of UN system entities, and UN political offices in the Asia and Pacific region. Most countries In Asia belong to the United Nations and the World Trade Organization. Some countries belong to the World Health Organization.
Asia has many HISTORIC places and Ancient Structures. The continent also has dozens of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. There have been many historic disasters in Asia including protests, battles, and wars. One of the worst wars was the Mongol invasions throughout the 13th century. Natural historic disasters include earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, monsoon floods, typhoons, sandstorms, and droughts. The worst natural disaster was a serious famine in northern China during the years of 1876-79 when over 9,000,000 people perished.
INDONESIA - Capital Jakarta. Special attractions include volcanoes, Tropical forests, a nature Reserve, waterfalls, and Massive rivers. Borobudur Temple is one of the Forgotten Wonders of the World. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Biosphere Reserves. Indonesia has 10 regions.
IRAN - Capital Teheran. Special attractions include Museums, Palaces, Bazarrs, Mosques, Cathedrals, and the legendary ruins of Persepolis. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Biosphere Reserves. In 2014, Iran was administratively divided into 5 regions.
IRAQ - Capital Baghdad - Although the country has special attractions, travel is not advised. Irbil is one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The geography of Iraq is diverse and falls into four main regions: the desert, Upper Mesopotamia, the northern highlands of Iraqi Kurdistan, and Lower Mesopotamia.
ISRAEL - Capital Jerusalem. Special attractions include Herod's Palace National Parks, Museums, Mosques, Churches, Oases, and Historic Sites. Bethlehem is said to be the birthplace of Jesus. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Israel has several regions
Asia has many of the most important ISLANDS . The islands of Southeast Asia reach almost to the coast of Australia. The largest island is Sri Lanka. The Aleutian Islands encloses the Bering Sea. Sakhalin Island and the main islands of Japan set off the Sea of Japan. The Ryukyu Islands enclose the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. The Spratly Islands are in the South China Sea. The Andaman and Nicobar islands separate the Andaman Sea to the east from the Indian Ocean. The Indonesia archipelago had been an important trade region from the 7th century. The Philippine archipelago blends into the island of Borneo to delimit the South China Sea. The Kuril Islands is an archipelago that separates the Sea of Okhotsk from the North Pacific Ocean.
JORDAN - Capital Amman. Special attractions include a restored Roman theater, an Archaeological Museum, and Archaeological sites. In 2002 a 5,000 year old copper factory was discovered south of the Dead Sea. The Rock-carved City of Petra is one of the Forgotten Wonders of the World & one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Jordan is divided into 12 governorates that are located in one of 3 regions: the North Region, Central Region and the South Region.
KUWAIT - Capital-Kuwait City. Special attractions include museums, mosques, palaces, and temples. The region of As-Sabiyah is the home of nearly 60 Archaeological sites. The Kuwait Towers are a landmark and symbol of modern Kuwait. The country has 9 islands
KRYGYZSTAN - Capital Bishkek. Special attractions include thermal springs, glaciers, trekking, a nature park and mountain climbing. The country has a UNESCO Sulayman Mountain a World Heritage Site and Biosphere Reserves. Krygyzstan is divided into 7 regions.
Asia has KARST areas. The Tsingy de Bemarah National Park in Madagascar has 2 karstic plateaus - the Great Tsingy and the Little Tsingy - the largest karst area in the world. The Hạ Long Bay in Vietnam features thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various shapes and sizes. Sinkholes are located throughout Asia. Xiaozhai Tiankeng in China, also known as the Heavenly Pit, is the world's deepest sinkhole. There is a sinkhole to the north of Akhayat town in Turkey with several man made caves on the walls. Kanlıdivane is an ancient city situated around a big sinkhole in Turkey. Dragon Hole in the Paracel Islands is the deepest underwater sinkhole (blue hole) in the world.
LAOS, Capital Vientiane. Special attractions include Temples, Museums, National Monuments, Pak Ou Caves, and Kuang Si Waterfalls. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites - Wat Phu and Luang Prabang. Laos has 3 regions.
LEBANON, Capital Beruit. Special attractions include Museums, Mosques, Archaeological sites, and a Wax Museum. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The 8 governorates of Lebanon are divided into 26 districts.
Asia has a wide variety of LANGUAGES. English and Spanish are sometimes co/official languages. India has 14 officially recognized languages. Mandarin Chinese is the official language of China and Taiwan and is the most common first language in the world. Many languages in Asia are under threat of extinction.
Asia has hundreds of LIGHTHOUSES. There are nearly a dozen around St. Petersburg, Russia, and a lighthouse has been at Vladivostok since 1910. There are many lighthouses in and around Japan. The Malayasian Peninsula has over a dozen light houses. Aids to Navigation provides and maintains 350 navigational aids in Hong Kong waters. Guia Lighthouse in Macau is the oldest lighthouse on the China coast.
MALDIVES, Capital Male, is the smallest Asian country in terms of both population and area. Special attractions include Mosques, Several atolls, and museums including a National Museum in Sultan Park. The country has a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve - Baa Atoll. Maldives has 20 administrative regions.
Ulan Bator. is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia.
Special attractions include temples, National Parks, Mongolian Art Gallery, Palace of Culture Museum of Natural History, the Winter Palace, and a
Nature Reserve. The country has UNESCO
World Heritage Sites and
Biosphere Reserves. Mongolia is divided into
MYANMAR (Burma) - Capital Naypyidaw. Special attractions include Monuments, Temples, Shrines, and Pagodas. The Shwedagon Pagoda is one of the Forgotten Wonders of the World. The country has UNESCO Halin, Beikthano and Sri Ksetra World Heritage Sites and a Biosphere Reserve. Myanmar is divided into a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Administrative_divisions_of_Myanmar">21 administrative subdivisions.
Asia has had many MONARCHIES. More than half the present monarchies in the world are in Asia. All but one of the world's absolute monarchies is in Asia. Some monarchies are hereditary and some are constitutional. There are several Kings, Sultans, Emirs, and an Emperor. Japan has the oldest existing hereditary monarchy in the world. Morocco is one of the oldest monarchies in the world.
Asia has many MOUNTAINS and mountain climbing is a popular activity. The continent is separated from Europe by the Ural Mountains. The Khybur Pass through the Hindu Kush Mountain Range is one of the most famous passages in the world. Mount Fuji in Japan is one of the Natural Wonders of the World.
MUSIC in Asia encompasses numerous different musical styles originating from a large number of Asian countries. Music and dances are an important part of each local tradition and reflect the history of the continent. Most countries have a National Anthem. The music of Southeast Asia varies from country to country. The countries of South Asia have adopted the music found in the traditions of India. East Asia is so large that it is difficult to know all the forms of music played and sung there.
NORTH KOREA - Capital Pyongyang. Special attractions include monuments, temples, and museums. Kim II Sung Stadium is one of the largest stadiums in the world. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites. North Korea has regions and provinces.
Asia has many NATIONAL Parks. One of the largest National Park is Voldlozero in Russia. Akan National Park in Japan has tiger leopards & sloth bear. Gal Oya National Park in Sri Lanka has boat & jeep safaris. Some of the rarest wildlife in the world is found in India's National Parks, and Kanha National Park has wildlife safaris. Asia also has many Amusement Parks.
All the countries in Asia have OBSERVATORIES and Planetariums. The Vainu Bappu Observatory in India is the largest observatory in Asia. The Birla Planetarium in India is the largest planetariums in Asia. In 2015, Yeongyan Firefly Eco Park in South Korea was named a Silver-tier International Dark Sky Park, the first such designation in Asia. Meteorites have been found throughout Asia including many in the deserts of Oman. The last really big meteor landed in Siberia a hundred years ago and the most recent landed in Asia in 2004. Many impact craters have been confirmed in Asia that were caused by the collision of large meteorites or comets with the Earth. One of the largest meteorites ever recorded has been discovered in the remote Altai mountains that separate China from Mongolia. In 1938 a 1,000 year old Buddhist Statue was found in Tibet that had been carved from a meteorite.
Asia is surrounded on three sides by OCEANS. The Pacific Ocean is to the east, the Arctic Ocean is to the north, and the Indian Ocean is to the south. There have been many shipwrecks in the oceans around Asia and inland on the continent.
PHILIPPINES - Capital Manila. An island country in southeast Asia. Special attractions include the best beaches in the world, a Volcanic crater, and Banaue Rice Terraces. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Biosphere Reserves. The Philippines is divided into 18 regions.
The POPULATION of Asia is larger than any other continent. China has the largest population in the world. Asiatic people occupy central and eastern Asia. Arabic people live in southwestern Asia. Indian people live in India and the surrounding countries of southern Asia. The term "Asian" is preferred to "Oriental" to persons native to Asia or descended from Asian people.
RAIN FORESTS can be found in several countries in Asia. The Rain forests have reptiles, birds, and mammals. More than two thirds of the world's plant species are found in the tropical rain forests. Many of the plants are edible.
Many of the major RELIGIONS of the world originated in Asia. Islam has become the most widespread on the Asian continent. The Philippines has one of the only dominant Christian populations in Asia.
Asia has many RIVERS including most of the longest RIVERS in the world. Nearly all of the rivers are navigable. The Yangtze is the longest river in Asia. Rivers that flow to the Arctic are largely uninhabited. Rivers that flow to the east and south have been home to people since the beginning of history. Southeast Asia has many rivers. Southwest Asia has few major rivers.
SOUTH KOREA - Capital Seoul. This country is known as the "Land of the Morning Calm". Special attractions include national parks, palaces, museums, pagodas, temples, and the N. Seoul Tower. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Biosphere Reserves. South Korea is divided into several areas.
Sri Lanka - Capital-Colombo. This is an island in South Asia. Special attractions include museums, botanical gardens, temples, ancient cities, an art gallery, a Dutch Fort, a Clock Tower that was formerly a lighthouse, and an Elephant Orphanage.The country has UNESCO and Biosphere Reserves. Shri Lanka has several regions.
SYRIA - Capital Damascus. An Arab country in Southeast Asia. Special attractions include mosques, a palace, museums, a citadel, a castle, a covered souq, archaeological sites, and Saladin's Mausoleum. Damascus is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
THAILAND - Capital-Bangkok. This country is in the heart of Southeast Asia. Special attractions include a Grand Palace, rain forest, wats, Temple of the Golden Buddha, Floating Markets, Saovabha Institute Snake Farm, and plantations of rubber, cashew nuts, pineapple, and coconut. The country has a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Biosphere Reserves.
TIBET - Capital- Lhasa. This is a plateau region in Central Asia and is called "The Rooftop of the World". Special attractions include monasteries, Patala Fortress, Jokhang Temple, Castle of Yarlong Lakang, Tombs of previus Dalai Lamas, a sacred Mountain, a holy lake and the Valley of the Kings.
TURKEY - Capital Ankara. The country is bordered by 3 other countries. Special attractions include Roman ruins, freshwater estuary, Topkapi Palace, Blue Mosque, Grand Bazaar, museums, the Temple of Diane, the Grotto of Seven Sleepers, and the Temple of Hadrian.The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Turkey has several regions.
TURKMENISTAN - Capital Ashgabat. Special attractions include museums, remains of Ancient cities, a hot-water Mineral Lake, Archaeological sites, and Sultan Sanjar's Mausoleum. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites and a Biosphere Reserve. Turkmenistan has several regions.
Many countries in Asia have a National TREE. The King William's Pine is native to Asia. The Rubber Tree grows in Malaysia. The Olive tree is native to Asia, and several species of citrus Trees are native to south or southeast Asia. Many Flowering Cherry trees are native to East Asia. Most Maple trees and the Snowbell Tree are native to China and Japan.
TRANSPORTATION facilities are being developed throughout Asia. Many countries have railways. Asia has International, Regional, & National Airports China has a comprehensive transportation system. Some museums have a transportation theme including the Malayasian Maritime Archaeological Museum, the Beijing Aviation Museum, and the Indian Air Force Museum. The Inland waterways provide transportation in some countries.
The United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization UNESCO protects natural and cultural properties around the world. Asia has many UNESCO World Heritage Sites. China ranks 3rd in the world for number of UNESCO sites. The Temple Complex of Angkor Wat in Cambodia is a UNESCO site and has become a symbol of the country and is on its national flag. Halong Bay in Vietnam has thousands of islands and is a UNESCO site. Another site is Merv in Turkmenistan which was a major oasis-city in Central Asia on the historical Silk Road. As many as 6 sites in Asia were added the UNESCO in 2017 including the historical city of Yazd, the Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town in Palestine, and the Archaeological Site of Aphrodisia in Turkey. The continent also has UNESCO Biosphere Reserves.
UZBEKISTAN - Capital Tashkent. This is a landlocked country in Central Asia. Special attractions include archaeological sites, mosques, palaces, bazaars, museums, and the Mausoleum of Ismail Samani. The country has UNESCO World Heritage Sites and a Biosphere Reserve. Uzbekistan has many regions.
VIETNAM - Capital Hanoi. This country is in Southeast Asia. Special attractions include temples, monuments, pagodas, palaces, and sites dating back to the 2nd century. The country has several beautiful cities. Vietnam has UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Biosphere Reserves."> The country has several regions.
VOLCANOES are located throughout Asia especially Northern Asia and Southeast Asia. Japan has many active and extinct volcanoes. The Krakatoa Volcano in Indonesia and Mt. Fuji Volcanoin Japan are Natural Wonders of the World. Indonesia has the most active volcanoes in the world. The eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815 was one of the most powerful eruptions in recorded history. In 2002Papandayan Volca (Indonesia) erupted and in 2015Mount Raung (Indonesia) erupted. The Toba supereruption (Indonsia) was a supervolcanic eruption that occurred about 75,000 years ago and is one of the Earth's largest known eruptions. In 2015, Toba supervolcano raised fears of a major eruption after 75,000 years. In 2016 2015Rinjani (Indonesia) erupted. The Mayon Volcano in the Phillippines began erupting again in January 2018. Klyuchevskoy in Russia is the highest active volcano in Asia. The East Coast of Asia is part of The Ring of Fire.
The WEATHER in Asia is moist across southeast sections and dry across much of the interior. Some of the largest daily temperature ranges on Earth occur in western sections of Asia. The monsoon circulation dominates across southern and eastern sections. Southwestern sections of the continent are hot. The climate of Siberia varies drastically and it is one of the coldest places in the Northern Hemisphere. The most active place on earth for tropical cyclone activity lies northeast of the Philippines and south of Japan. In August 2017, Heavy monsoons occurred in India, Bangladesh and Nepal resulting in heavy flooding. In December 2017, a fierce typhoon lashed the Philippines killing more than 200 and leaving about 70,000 homeless.
WEBCAMS are located in many places in Asia.
Asia is home to many kinds of WILDLIFE including the Siberian tiger, the biggest cat in the world. Reindeer live in Northern Siberia and Camels live in the desert of Western Asia. The Komodo Dragon, a large species of lizard, lives in the jungles of Indonesia. Southeast Asia and India have elephants, the largest land animal. An Orang Utang Rehabilitation Center is in Malaysia. The continent has many endangered species. The Wildlife Conservation Society works to protect protect them. Many of the countries in Asia have Wildlife Sanctuaries. The Giant Panda is only found in China where there is a Giant Panda Research Base, a Panda Reserve, and a Panda Museum.
Many WONDERS OF THE WORLD are in Asia. All 7 Wonders of the Ancient World are in Asia. The continent has 9 Forgotten Wonders of the World including The Shwedagon Pagoda in Myanmar, the Rock-carved City of Petra in Jordan, and the Taj Mahal in Indian. There are2Modern Wonders of the World including the Petronas Towers in Malaysia and there are 4 Natural Wonders of the World including 2 famous volcanoes Krakatoa and Mt. Fuji.
Many countries in Asia have YMCA programs.